Guidelines for Product ID, Labels and Shipments (GPID)
Supply Chain Foundation Guide (SCF)
Label Implementation Guide (LIG)
Pet Industry Supply Chain Foundation Guide (SCF)
If you have studied supply chains for more than a few years or even if you are a newcomer to the profession, you will observe an apparent dichotomy. Simply put, to drive down carrying costs you want to reduce inventory levels. However, if you want to make a profit you want to sell more product. More sales with lower stock levels will mean more orders. Therein lies the conflict; reduce costs by lowering inventory levels but increase costs because of procurement and handling.
Something has got to give and it has to be the cost to place an order, receive the goods, invoice and pay bills. This is why a company must understand all the pieces of the puzzle and why all the pieces must work together. The front office activities (purchasing and accounting) at once cause and are caused by procurement, sales, logistics and material handling. And all costs must be reduced.
The technologies that can drive down those costs include bar code and electronic commerce (EC), especially the electronic data interchange (EDI) portion of EC. Fundamentally, these technologies are forms of communication -- and communication requires standards.
This guide has been prepared for manufacturers, packagers and distributors of products provided through the Pet Industry Supply Chain. The recommendations made are intended to provide a common method for communicating critical information throughout this distribution channel. This includes manufacturing, distribution and retail sales.
Today’s retailers are demanding that their trading partners provide product distribution information that is timely, complete and in conformance with industry data/information communications standards. This demand translates into both opportunity and responsibility for implementing the technologies and techniques outlined in this guide. There are three specific areas addressed in this document, they are: Standard Forms, Bar Codes and Electronic Commerce (Electronic Data Interchange, EDI).
Your company’s data processing budget, commitment to implementing industry standards and current level of implementation will determine which sections of this document you should focus upon. Minimum requirements for all distributors requires source marking of items and shipments with bar codes as explained in Chapter 4. We recommend that you review the entire document so you are familiar with its content. Then, depending upon your level of involvement, you can go to a greater level of detail as appropriate.
· The rest of the Introduction provides an overview of standard business communications requirements. The Information Flow Model presents the information channel, manufacturer-distributor-retailer, and the types of information utilities needed for commerce within this channel. The Transaction Flow Model provides an overview of the primary types of transactions conducted to exchange the necessary information. The Product Flow Model shows the flow of product within the channel and identifies the bar coding requirements for movement of product.
· Chapter 2 provides an overview that explains the benefits and business case for using bar code and standard product numbers.
· Chapter 3 tells companies who manufacture or label products for sale in the Pet Industry Supply Chain how to organize the labeling project.
· Chapter 4 explains the U.P.C. method of product identification and bar code use.
· Chapter 5 provides a step-by-step project to apply U.P.C. bar codes to all the products a company produces or packages.
· Chapter 6 deals with the label that is placed on a shipping container. The bar code on this label is the serial number that provides unique identification of a box. That box may represent the entire shipment or just a portion of a shipment. The unique number is the link to EDI transactions.
· Chapter 7 contains information about the print quality of bar codes. It is extremely important because if the bar codes are difficult for the scanning equipment to read, then the viability of the entire concept is at risk.
· The appendix is provided to answer questions about how bar codes work.
Below is shown the most common transaction types with widespread application for manufacturers, and distributors of Pet Industry products. The Information Flow Model describes the communications vehicle used, by supply chain partners, to communicate commerce information.
The Transaction Flow Model below describes the primary transactions and the most common methods of communicating the information necessary to complete them. The numbers i.e. 850, 860, etc. refer to the transaction set designators found in the ANSI X.12 specification
The Product Flow Model identifies the key, bar coded, data elements that are to be carried on containers moving within the defined supply channels.
This is a checklist to be used when conducting a Compliance Labeling Audit
1. Can you send the right data to the label generation software?
2. Can you create the formatted labels, in the necessary quantities, that meet customer quality specifications?
3. Can you apply the labels properly?
4. Can you assign U.P.C. numbers (Global Trade Item Numbers – GTINs) to new products?
5. Can you notify your customers of your number assignments?
6. Can you cross reference your old numbers to the new U.P.C. numbers?
7. Can you troubleshoot the system?
8. Do you have a contingency plan if your primary printing system breaks?
9. Do your customers accept your labels/symbols?